Noroviruses are a group of related viruses that can cause inflammation of the stomach and intestines, leading to nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
- ·nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
- crampy abdominal pain
- low-grade fever and chills
- headache, muscle aches and fatigue
Norovirus spreads quickly. You can get it by:
- Eating food or drinking liquids contaminated with the virus**
- Touching surfaces or objects contaminated with the virus and then putting your fingers in your mouth
- Having direct contact with an infected person.
Individuals are contagious from the moment they begin to feel sick and for the first few days after they recover.
There is no specific medicine to treat norovirus. Antibiotics don't help. Treatment is supportive and students generally do not need to see a doctor for this (unless they have an additional illness, like diabetes).
Steps to take:
- Nothing by mouth (no liquids or food) for 6 hours after the last time you vomited.Try to sleep or nap through this part of the illness.
- Start introducing fluid with plain water or ice chips.Sips only!If you are really thirsty and drink a whole glass of water, you often will throw it up & must return to step #1.
- Once you can tolerate sips of water, try small amounts of gingerale or tea with sugar.
- Then add juice like apple juice or white grape.
- Then add things like clear soup broth with saltine crackers.
- Next add white rice, plain noodles, maybe some scrambled egg.
- Last to add would be milk and meat.
You can use Peptobismol to calm your stomach and slow the diarrhea if you want. It will help get the virus out of your intestinal tract. It is available without a prescription.
If you need more personal advice, please call us at (216.368.2450
**It's different from traditional "food poisoning" in that it doesn't originate from a single specific food source. If a food worker has the illness, he/she can spread it to anything they handle.