Health and Wellness

We use the theories and models below to help students better understand the connection between the mind and body and factors that influence their health habits. To learn about leading a healthier life, health and wellness programs and services, medical plans, groups and resources, click here.

Five Components of Emotional Intelligence

Addresses students' ability to identify, assess, and control personal emotions, the emotions of others, and the emotions of groups.

  • Goleman, D. (2000). Working with emotional intelligence. New York, NY: Bantam Books.
Learn more about Weatherhead School of Management faculty research on the topic of emotional intelligence at >
Positive Psychology

Describes an area of psychology that emphasizes well-being through the use of optimism, positive emotions, spirituality, happiness, satisfaction and personal development. It is used to help individuals transition from negative to positive thinking in order to achieve fulfilment.

  • Seligman, M. E. (1996). The optimistic child: Proven program to safeguard children from depression and build lifelong resilience. New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin.
Six Dimensions of Wellness Model

Describes how a person becomes more aware of the interconnectedness between the six different dimensions of wellness and how together they contribute to healthy living as a whole: occupational, physical, social, intellectual, spiritual, and emotional. Model © 1976 by Bill Hettler, MD, Co-founder, National Wellness Institute.

  • Hettler, B. (1980). Wellness promotion on a university campus. Family & Community Health, 3(1), 77-95.
Social Norms Theory

States that many students have misperceptions about their peers' and community members' activities (e.g., drug use, alcohol use, sexual conduct, eating disorders) and if unchallenged, will align their attitudes and behaviors to match their perceptions of others.

  • Perkins, HW and Berkowitz, AD (1986). Perceiving the Community Norms of Alcohol Use Among Students: Some Research Implications for Campus Alcohol Education Programming. International Journal of the Addictions, 21:961-976.
  • Berkowitz, A. D. (2005). An overview of the social norms approach. In L. Lederman, L. Stewart, F. Goodhart and L. Laitman (Eds.), Changing the culture of college drinking: A socially situated prevention campaign (pp. 193-214). New York, NY: Hampton Press.

Back to top

Explore Theories by Theme