Hepatitis B

Name
Hepatitis B

Also known as
Hepatitis

Caused by
Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)

Type
Viral

Incidence
Approximately 300,000 people become infected each year, about 10% of which become carriers even after symptoms remit.

Symptoms
Hepatitis causes impaired liver function which leads to fever, muscle/joint soreness, jaundice, diarrhea, fatigue, abdominal pain, vomiting and darkened urine. Note: Hepatitis A has similar symptoms but is usually transmitted via unsanitary conditions or contact with fecal matter.

Incubation
Symptoms develop one to four months following exposure.

Diagnosis
Antigen blood test.

Complications
Serious liver damage. Each year, thousands die from complications related to Hepatitis.

Treatment
Follow health care provider's recommendations. A vaccine is available which can prevent infection in almost all cases.